It is important when using a two way radio that proper procedures are adhered to, the rules are set out so that lots of users can communicate efficiently.
We start off with advice when using the radio, firstly you should keep your messages short and to the point, don’t shout your messages through the radio and Listen out for transmissions before you start your message, you could be interrupting other communications. The user should speak across the mic and not directly into it and press the button for a full 2 seconds before starting your message, as this will give the radio time to start its transmission.
The range of a radio is dependent on the outlining environment, with the amount of hills, concrete and metal around effecting radio, the weather and the power of the radio will determine how far you can transmit.
Radio language is very important and every user should use the proper language when starting and finishing their message. Examples like STAND BY meaning Transmission heard, unable to respond and GO AHEAD, which means start the message. In fact, OVER and OUT isn’t recognized in radio terms and are two separate messages meaning two different things, OVER is used when transmitting has finished and OUT when the communication has finished and the channel is open.
The Phonetic alphabet should be memorized and used in all situations where a letter is used, this removes any confusion during messages.
The two way radio is the best method of communication and unlike the mobile phone, they can only send single messages. Protocols are put into place so that everyone uses the radio properly and effectively, this guide can be used for Motorolas, kenwoods, icoms and Hyteras.